Canyons School District Evidence-Based Instructional Priorities
Our time with students is limited and valuable. Every minute we spend with them should be spent using the practices that are most likely to be successful. This requires us to shift our perspective from looking at instructional practices that work to look at practices that work best.
What Works Best
Meta-analysis offer the strongest evidence base for determining what works best. "A meta-analysis is a summary, or synthesis of relevant research findings. It looks at all of the individual studies done on a particular topic and summarizes them" (Marzano, 2000). A meta-analysis is simply, a study of studies. Meta-analysis explain the results across studies examined using effect size (ES). Average effects for instruction is 0.20 to 0.40 growth per year (Hattie, 2009). THus the hinge point for determining what works best is 4.0. Instructional practices above 0.40 have a high likelihood of increasing learning than those practices below the hinge-point (Hattie, 2009).
Barometer of Influence
The Seven Instructional Strategies:
Techniques to increase student achievement and engagement
Classroom Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports (PBIS) Effect Size: .52
Explicit Instruction (I do, We do, Y'all do, You do) Effect Size: .57
Instructional Hierarchy (Acquisition, Automaticity, Application) Effect Size: .57
Systematic Vocabulary Development Effect Size: .67
Maximizing Opportunities to Respond (OTR) Effect Size: .60
Feedback Cycle Effect Size: .75
Scaffolded Instruction and Grouping Structures Effect Size: .49